THE LEGAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE EU 7TH ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAM (7TH EP) ON THE PROTECTION, CONSERVATION AND IMPROVEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES

Author

, Doctor of Law, Full Professor, Member of the National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, Pro-Rector for Scientific Work, Ukraine, Kharkiv
, Doctor of Legal Sciences, Professor, Ukraine, Kharkiv

In heading

Law;

Signed print

21.02.2020

Issues number

2020 - № 1 (40)

Page

98-112

Type of articles

Scientific article

Code UDK

349.6:061.1ЄС:502.175(477)

ISSN print

2411-5584

Abstract

Problem setting. The EU 7th Environmental Program (7th EP) (2014-2020) was adopted a little later than expected in the context of the 2008 crisis. It has been left out of due regard by legal researchers. However, environmental action programs have been at the center of environmental policy EU since 1973, which determined the relevance of this article.
Paper main body. The article analyzes the legal foundations of the EU 7th Environmental Program (7th EP) on the protection, conservation and improvement of natural resources. The paradigm of the structure of EP 7 is defined, which consists in the fact that the first direction – «natural capital» – represents the miraculous foundations and the main components of the cosmos, into which a person needs to fit in as his creation.
The second – «resource-efficient economy» – creativity, scope and range of possible (not necessary and not accidental) for the arrangement of civilization. The third area – «safe-guarding people’s health» – defines the conditions for the normal life of a person himself and his preservation as a type of life on the planet.
Conclusion of the research. It is concluded that the implementation of EP 7 by 2020 should ensure the achievement of the following results: reduction of biodiversity and degradation of ecosystem properties; a significant reduction in the impact on transit, coastal, and sea waters in order to achieve and maintain their good environmental status in accordance with the requirements of the Framework Directive on the Marine Strategy; reduction of air pollution and its impact on ecosystems and biodiversity in order to prevent exceeding the level of critical loads; achieving stabilization of land protection, soil protection and restoration of contaminated sites; ensuring reliable turnover of nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus); ensuring the protection and vitality of forests, their biodiver-sity, adaptation to climate change, fires, storms, pests and diseases.
Short Abstract for the article
This article explores the legal foundations of the EU 7th Environmental Program (7th EP) on the protection, conservation and improvement of natural resources. The paradigm of the structure of the 7th EP is defined.

Keywords

legal basis, Natural resources, natural capital, resource-efficient economy, safeguarding people’s health.

Reviewer

External reviewer

Article in PDF

98-112

Bibliography

1. Decision No 1386/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on a General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 ’Living well, within the limits of our planet’. (2013, December 28). OJ L 354, 171–200.
2. European Council conclusions of 25 and 26 March 2010 (EUCO 7/10). Retrieved from http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-7–2010-INIT/en/pdf; European Council conclusions of 15 March 2010 (7536/10). COM(2011) 244 (EUCO 7/10). Retrieved from http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-7536–2010-INIT/en/pdf
3. Council conclusions of 4 December 2008 (16852/08). Retrieved from https://register.consilium.europa.eu/doc/srv?l=EN&f=ST%2016852%202008%20INIT.
4. Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000. (2000, December 22). OJ L 327, 1.
5. Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive). (2008, June 25). OJ L 164, 19.
6. Council conclusions of 11 June 2012 (11186/12). COM (2011) 571. Retrieved from http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-11186–2012-INIT/en/pdf.
7. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 27 July 2012 [without reference to a Main Committee (A/66/L.56)] 66/288. The future we want. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/generalassembly/docs/globalcompact/A_RES_66_288.pdf.
8. COM (2010) 543. Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2010:0543:FIN:EN:PDF
9. Directive 2000/60/EC. (2000, December 22). OJ L 327, 1.
10. Council Directive 91/271/EEC of 21 May 1991 concerning urban waste-water treatment. (1991, May 30). OJ L 135, 40.
11. Council Directive 91/676/EEC of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources. (1991, December 31). OJ L 375, 1.
12. Directive 2007/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks. (2007, November 06). OJ L 288, 27.
13. Directive 2008/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on environmental quality standards in the field of water policy, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directives 82/176/EEC, 83/513/EEC, 84/156/EEC, 84/491/EEC, 86/280/EEC and amending Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. (2008, December 24). OJ L 348, 84.
14. Directive 2008/50/EC and Directive 2004/107/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2004 relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air. (2005, January 26). OJ L 23, 3.
15. Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds. (2010, January 26). OJ L 20, 7; Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora. Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A31992L0043.
16. European Environment Agency Technical Report 12/2010.
17. Paragraph 14 of the European Council conclusions of 26 March 2010 (EUCO 7/10) states: «There is an urgent need to reverse continuing trends of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation. The European Council is committed to the long term biodiversity 2050 vision and the 2020 target set out in the Council’s conclusions of 15 March 2010».
18. COM (2012) 673. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/index.cfm?fuseaction=list&coteId=1&year=2012&number=673&language=EN
19. COM (2011) 144. Retrieved from https://www.eea.europa.eu/policy-documents/com-2011–144-roadmap-to
20. SWD (2012) 101. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/?fuseaction=list&coteId=10102&year=2012&number=101&version=ALL&language=en
21. COM (2006) 232. Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2006:0232:FIN:EN:PDF
22. COM (2012) 673. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/index.cfm?fuseaction=list&coteId=1&year=2012&number=673&language=EN
23. COM (2013) 216. Retrieved from ec.europa.eu/transparency/regdoc/index.cfm;jsessionid=3EAB7C00BF4B14D59E2D411F4A3934A7.cfusion14601?fuseaction=list&n=10&adv=0&coteId=1&year=2013&number=216&version=F&dateFrom=&dateTo=&serviceId=&documentType=&title=&titleLanguage=&titleSearch=EXACT&sortBy=NUMBER&sortOrder=DESC

Code DOI

10.31359/2411-5584-2020-40-1-98

21.02.2020