, assistant lecturer, Kharkiv, Pushinska, 77

In heading


Signed print


Issues number

2018 - № 3 (34)



Type of articles

Scientific article

Code UDK


ISSN print



Problem setting. In order to deal with the practical issues of prosecution and applying sanctions to offenders for anti-competitive concerted actions, it is necessary to understand the nature of this offense and to do an analysis with identifying the components (object, objective side, subject, subjective side). It will provide an opportunity for a detailed analysis of this offense and implementation of mechanisms for identifying, proving and prosecution alongside with the introduction of the algorithm for calculating fines.
Resent research and publications analysis. The problems of offense in the field of economic competition, in particular cartel conspiracies are studied by Z. Borysenko, S. Valitov, T. Udalov, H. Riabtsev, K. Smyrnova, and other scientists. But the question of the elaboration of a mechanism for combating and detection cartels, and the development of a methodology for bringing offenders to justice requires modernization and improvement.
Paper objective. The purpose of the article is to consider the theoretical and practical aspects of identify, prove, and application of responsibility for anti-competitive concerted actions. The task is to analyze this type of offense, identify the main components and develop an algorithm for prosecution.
Paper main body. The tasks of anti-trust and competition policy of the state are protection of economic competition and prevention of competitive offenses implemented by the antitrust authorities. The legislation of Ukraine provides a list of offenses in the protection of economic competition, one of which is anti-competitive concerted actions. The concept of cartel conspiracies, or cartels, is often found in foreign literature.
The element of an offense is the basis for the application of responsibility. The object of anticompetitive concerted actions is socio-economic relations arising from the operation of the market. The objective side is the unfair interaction of actors in conspiracy form. It can also include a common action, direction, and agreement. The subjective side implies a purpose, motive and guilty. The general purpose is to eliminate or restrict competition. The cartel may exist in the form of an express or tacit collusion with a direct or indirect intent. The motive for creating a cartel is the desire to increase profits.
Anti-competitive concerted actions can be classified according to different criteria. Conspiracy can be formal and informal, written or oral, secret or explicit; horizontal and vertical; conglomerate and mixed; national and international.
Conclusions of the research. Combating anti-competitive concerted actions are one of the priority tasks not only for the Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine, but also for the antimonopoly bodies of the European Union and the United States of America. Severe sanctions in the form of administrative and criminal liability are provided by the legislation of many countries around the world.
The main function of responsibility for cartel conspiracies is a warning. Unfortunately, the mechanism for determining of the amount of fines in Ukraine does not have a clear algorithm; the law sets only the maximum limit of the fine.
The Antimonopoly Committee has the ability to define different size of penalties to offenders for the same offenses.
An important task for the anti-trust authorities is their successful cooperation with law enforcement agencies and other state bodies.
Short Abstract for the article
Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of such type of competitive offenses as anti-competitive concerted actions, or cartel conspiracies. The author of the article analyzes the composition of this offense and provides the classification of anti-competitive concerted actions depending on various criteria. This type of offense has many shortcomings concerning legislative provisions and practical application of sanctions to violators, procedural moments of revealing and proving the existence of conspiracies.


economic competition; anti-competitive concerted actions; cartels; conspiracies; competitive offenses.


External reviewer

Article in PDF



1. Borysenko, Z. M. (2009). Rozsliduvannia kartelnykh zmov v Ukraini [Investigation of cartel conspiracies in Ukraine]. Pravnychyi visnyk Universytetu ekonomiky ta prava «KROK» – Legal Bulletin of the University of Economics and Law «KROK», 2, 19–26. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
2. Valitov, S. S. (2006). Konkurentne pravo Ukrainy. Navchalnyi posibnyk [Competition Law of Ukraine. Tutorial]. Kyiv: Yurinkom Inter [in Ukrainian].
3. Zadykhailo, D. V. (2012). Hospodarsko-pravove zabezpechennia ekonomichnoi polityky derzhavy [Economic and legal support of the state economic policy]. Kharkiv: Yurait [in Ukrainian].
4. Udalov, T. H. (2004). Konkurentne pravo. Navchalnyi posibnyk [Competition Law. Tutorial]. Kyiv: Shkola [in Ukrainian].
5. Riabtsev, H. L. (2013). Modeliuvannia rynku naftoproduktiv Ukrainy dlia formuvannia derzhavnoi polityky yoho rozvytku [Modeling of the Ukrainian petroleum market for the formation of a state policy for its development]. Publichne upravlinnia: teoriia ta praktyka – Public Administration: Theory and Practice, 1, 115–121 [in Ukrainian].
6. Smyrnova, K. (2017). Pravove rehuliuvannia konkurentsii v Yevropeiskomu Soiuzi: teoriia i praktyka [Legal regulation of competition in the European Union: theory and practice]. (2nd ed.). Odesa: Feniks [in Ukrainian].
7. Vozniuk, O. (2016, September 31). Protsedura Settlement zastosovuietsia lyshe u spravakh pro karteli [The Settlement procedure applies only to cartel cases]. Yurydychna hazeta – Legal newspaper. Retrieved from [in
8. Hospodarskyi kodeks Ukrainy: Zakon Ukrainy vid 16.01.2003. 436 – IV. (2003) [The Commercial Code of Ukraine. Law of Ukraine dated January 16, 2003]. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy – Bulletin of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 18–22, art. 144 [in Ukrainian].
9. Pro Antymonopolnyi komitet Ukrainy: Zakon Ukrainy vid 26.11.1993. 3659‑KhII. (1993). [On Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine. Law of Ukraine dated November 26, 1993]. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy – Bulletin of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 50, art. 472 [in Ukrainian].
10. The Sherman Antitrust Act (1890). Retrieved May 28, 2018, from sherman_txt.html.
11. Kompleksne porivnialno-pravove doslidzhennia vidpovidnosti zakonodavstva Ukrainy zakonodavstvu YeS shchodo protydii kartelnym zmovam [Comprehensive comparative legal study on the compliance of Ukrainian legislation with EU anti-cartel laws]. (n.d.). Retrieved May 28, 2018, from [in Ukrainian].
12. Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (2012, October 26). Official Journal of the European Union, C 326, 0001–0390. Retrieved from
13. Strafgesetzbuch, 15.05.1871. (1871). [Criminal Code dated May 15, 1871]. Retrieved August 22, 2018, from [in German].
14. Pro zakhyst ekonomichnoi konkurentsii: Zakon Ukrainy vid 11.01.2001. 2210 – III. (2001). [On the protection of economic competition. Law of Ukraine dated January 11, 2001]. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy – Bulletin of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 12, art. 64 [in Ukrainian].
15. Zminy do Typovykh vymoh do uzghodzhenykh dii subiektiv hospodariuvannia dlia zahalnoho zvilnennia vid poperednoho oderzhannia dozvolu orhaniv Antymonopolnoho komitetu Ukrainy na uzghodzheni dii subiektiv hospodariuvannia: rozporiadzh. Antymonopol. kom. Ukrainy vid 12.10.2017. 10‑rp. (2017). [Changes to Typical Requirements for Agreed Actions by Business Entities for the General Exemption from the Preliminary Acceptance of the Permits of the Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine for Agreed Actions by Business Entities. Order of Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine dated October 12, 2017]. Retrieved from–17 [in Ukrainian].
16. Typovi vymohy do uzghodzhenykh dii subiektiv hospodariuvannia dlia zahalnoho zvilnennia vid poperednoho oderzhannia dozvolu orhaniv Antymonopolnoho komitetu Ukrainy na uzghodzheni dii subiektiv hospodariuvannia: rozporiadzh. Antymonopol. kom. Ukrainy vid 12.02.2002. 27 – r. (2002). [Typical requirements for concerted actions of business entities for the general exemption from the prior obtaining of the permission of the bodies of the Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine for concerted actions of business entities. Order of Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine dated February 12, 2002]. Ofitsiinyi visnyk Ukrainy – Official Bulletin of Ukraine, 11, art. 543 [in Ukrainian].
17. Yevropeiskykh vyrobnykiv vantazhivok oshtrafuvaly za kartelnu zmovu [European truck manufacturers were fined for a cartel plot]. (2017, September 27). Informatsiinoanalitychna hrupa Auto-consulting – Information-analytical group Auto-consulting. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
18. Pro porushennia zakonodavstva pro zakhyst ekonomichnoi konkurentsii ta nakladannia shtrafu: Rishennia AMKU vid 26.10.2016. 480‑r. (2016). [Violation of the legislation on the protection of economic competition and imposing a fine. Decision of Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine dated October 26, 2016]. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
19. Havrysh, O. (2001, November 9–16). Svitovyi rynok nafty pislia veresnevoho teroru [The world oil market after the September terror]. Dzerkalo tyzhnia – Mirror of the week, 44. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].